A Framework for K-12 Science Education first seeks to describe a new idea for designing education regarding science, technology and engineering. Chapter two describes children as seeking the answers to questions that begin with ‘why?’ The framework encourages teaching students to understand the whys to questions early in their educational careers, rather than later. Also, the framework condenses scientific concepts so that students may have a broad educational base in science and engineering. Next, the framework discusses the practices involved in science and engineering education. The importance that science and engineering education is left open to a variety of procedures and practices is first emphasized. Then the involvement of inquiry, use of models, investigating, analyzing data, mathematics, explanation, argumentation and refinement are briefly described in their relationship to science and engineering education.
Across the assigned chapters for A Framework for K-12 Science Education, the importance of answering why was frequently addressed. Teachers are encouraged to teach the reasoning behind scientific and engineering phenomena to students rather than how something happened, specifically in their earlier years of study. Inquiry, conceptual models and investigating phenomena are extremely useful tools that students should use to develop a better understanding of scientific concepts. Teachers can use the natural inclination of children to better understand the world they live in to teach the multiple practices used in scientific education. This learned inquiry approach to science will better suit students to develop successful practices in acquiring knowledge, learn and relate cross-cutting concepts in science and build a strong foundation of the mentioned disciplinary core ideas across all fields of science and engineering.